União Europeia tem que pôr fim à caça furtiva!

Elefante caçado no Parque Virunga Recém-caçado e traficado como marfim na União Europeia (© Parc national des Virunga)

A União Europeia está envolvida no comércio com marfim. Toneladas de marfim são traficadas, importadas e exportadas. A Europa é um cúmplice dos caçadores furtivos. Por favor, exijam uma proibição completa do comércio com marfim.

Carta

Para: a Comissão Europeia e os governos dos Estados-Membros

O comércio com marfim na União Europeia tem que ser proibido. A caça furtiva somente acabará se a venda e a demanda forem paradas.

Abrir a petição

É pura ilusão crer que os elefantes sejam caçados na África e vendidos na Ásia e que a Europa não tem nada a ver com isso. Muito pelo contrário, a Europa joga um papel central como plataforma para o comércio legal e ilegal com marfim.

A venda, importação e exportação de marfim velho são legais na Europa. Um convite para criminosos! O comércio legal possibilita-lhes o tráfico ilícito de marfim proveniente da caça furtiva.

Na UE o marfim é oferecido abertamente em leilões, lojas e na Internet. Algumas empresas europeias até se especializaram na compra e exportação de marfim para a Ásia: somente nos últimos dois anos, mais que sete toneladas de marfim têm sido vendidas para Hong Kong por meio de 12 mil entalhadores.

Quanto marfim ilegal é traficado na ou pela UE e quantos elefantes são matados para isso fica na sombra.

Em duas conferências importantes, a comunidade internacional já apelou a todos os governos para que fechem os mercados internos de marfim. A UE não acede a este pedido e mina os esforços internacionais para salvar os elefantes.

Por favor, exijam que o comércio com marfim seja proibido na UE. Isto é a única solução para pôr fim à caça furtiva de elefantes.

Mais informações

A petição original foi escrita pela organização Pro Wildlife. Isto é a carta original em inglês:

I am calling on the Commission and Member States of the European Union to ban all exports and imports of ivory and to close the EU’s domestic ivory market. The international community at the recent CITES conference and at the IUCN World Congress adopted two resolutions, calling on all governments to close their domestic ivory markets. The EU maintains an active ivory market for “pre-convention” ivory, and is the biggest exporter of ivory to China and Hong Kong, with exports of worked ivory experiencing an alarming increase in the last two years. The legal trade enables that ivory from poached elephants is laundered. It fuels demand and corruption. Moreover, EU Member States are clearly being used as transit countries to smuggle illegal ivory from elephants poached in Africa to Asia. Huge shipments have been seized in EU Member States recently and ivory is on top of the list of seized wildlife products in the EU.

As actions are increasingly being taken around the world to close domestic ivory markets and destroy stockpiles of seized and confiscated ivory, I am urging the EU to take responsibility to end its own role in the ivory trade.

Carta aos Ministros do Meio Ambiente na União Europeia

Várias organizações de defesa dos animais enviaram uma carta aberta aos Ministros do Meio Ambiente dos Estados-Membros da UE. A Salve a Selva também assinou.

Dear minister,

We the undersigned 51 organisations, are writing to request that your government strongly support a closure of all ivory markets in the European Union and the implementation of a ban on all ivory (re-) exports and imports.

Africa’s elephants are in crisis. New status reports released in September show that across Africa, both forest and savannah elephant numbers have declined to an all-time low and are continuing to fall. Based on survey results, one third of savannah elephants have been poached for their ivory within the past 8 years.

The continued legal trade in ivory, whether domestic or international, threatens the very existence of African and Asian elephants in the wild. Legal domestic markets enable illegal trade by serving as a cover for trade in illicit ivory, including within the EU. Ivory markets fuel demand and, in turn, poaching. They also drive corruption, undermine the rule of law, and have been linked to terrorist and militia funding.

Elephant poaching and ivory trafficking won’t stop while legal domestic markets for ivory remain open. The international community has recognized this and with support from EU Member States just adopted two important resolutions at the Conference of the Parties to CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species) and at the IUCN World Conservation Congress, calling on all governments to close their domestic ivory markets.

Crucially, China, the world’s largest destination for ivory, has committed to close its domestic ivory market and Hong Kong SAR has also promised to take steps to close its domestic ivory market. Failure on the part of the EU to close its own domestic ivory market could undermine these important developments.

Ivory remains on sale in many EU countries in markets, auctions, antique shops and online. Some EU countries maintain small, but active carving operations. EU regulations only permit the sale of antique or so-called pre-Convention ivory that was acquired before elephants were included on the CITES appendices. There is evidence, however, that new, illegal ivory is being laundered into trade using this exemption, that ivory pieces are being treated to look antique, and that forged permits are in circulation. At the same time, EU Member States are clearly being used as transit countries to smuggle illegal ivory from elephants poached in Africa to Asia. This is evidenced by recent large seizures, including 1.2 tons in Germany and more than 600 kg in France this year, both destined for Vietnam.

In addition, the EU continues to be the largest exporter of ivory claimed to be “pre-Convention” to Asia, with ivory ending up in the same markets and with the same dealers that are selling

poached ivory. Data from the Hong Kong Government shows that a total of 7.3 tons was imported mostly from EU countries in 2014 and 2015. Moreover, the number of worked ivory pieces increased by a dramatic 685% from 1,572 pieces in 2014 to 10,761 pieces in 2015. We are deeply concerned that such exports of raw and worked ivory from the EU counteract efforts to reduce trafficking and demand, and are providing a route through which poached ivory is laundered, thus fuelling illegal trade.

Based on the Commission’s Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking, the Council of the European Union - on 21 June this year - urged Member States not to issue export or re-export documents for raw pre-Convention ivory from elephants on the basis of EU guidelines. The Council also urged Member States to consider further measures to put a halt to commercial trade in elephant ivory. To exclusively end the export of raw ivory however, will be wholly inadequate. The EU urgently needs to implement a comprehensive, legally binding ban on all ivory exports and domestic sales. This would be in line with the recent IUCN motion and CITES resolution.

As actions are increasingly being taken around the world to close domestic ivory markets and destroy stockpiles of seized and confiscated ivory, the world now looks to the EU to take responsibility to end its own role in the ivory trade. France has already issued a ban on domestic sales and exports and the Netherlands has recently declared its intention to do the same. While the EU has been a leader in supporting efforts to crack down on the illegal ivory trade and reduce demand for ivory in other important consumer or transit countries, it is clearly lagging behind when it comes to closing its own domestic ivory market and banning exports.

We urge your government and the EU as a whole to now show leadership by closing down domestic ivory trade as well as banning all exports.

Your strong stance on this issue is essential to halt the decline in elephants, and to reverse the current trend towards extinction. We look forward to your reply.

Petição

Para: a Comissão Europeia e os governos dos Estados-Membros

Excelentíssimo Senhor Jean-Claude Juncker,
excelentíssimos Comissários Europeus e Comissárias Europeias,
excelentíssimos Chefes de Governo e de Estado,

eu peço-lhes, como representantes da Comissão Europeia e dos Estados-Membros, que proíbam qualquer importação e exportação de marfim e o comércio com marfim dentro da União Europeia.

Durante a última conferência CITES e o congresso mundial da UICN a comunidade internacional aprovou duas resoluções que apelam a todos os governos para que estes ponham fim ao comércio interno com marfim.

A UE continua ser uma mercado ativo para marfim “pre-convention” e é o maior exportador de marfim para a China e Hong Kong. A exportação de marfim processado aumentou nos últimos dois anos para níveis alarmantes.

O comércio legal possibilita que o marfim de elefantes caçados é lavado e estimula a demanda e a corrupção. Além disso, os Estados-Membros da EU são usados como países de trânsito para fazer contrabando de marfim proveniente da caça furtiva na África e Ásia. Numa grande confiscação recente na UE, o marfim representou o produto principal de todos os produtos da flora e da fauna selvagens.

Em todo o mundo, Estados reforçam medidas para fechar mercados de marfim e destruir o marfim confiscado. Eu peço-lhes insistentemente que assumam a vossa responsabilidade e ponham fim ao comércio com marfim.

Com os meus sinceros agradecimentos

Por favor assine

Ajude-nos a atingir 350.000:

336.491
Atividades recentes